Weight Loss Homeostasis: What It Is and Why It’s Preventing You From Losing Weight

Weight Loss Homeostasis: What It Is and Why It’s Preventing You From Losing WeightWe recently got a kitten in our house. The other night, it was my turn to take the night shift with this tiny, very active, nocturnal kitten. And it was rough. It was a very late night of being pounced on by her, followed by her finally curling up and falling asleep on my head.

Have you ever slept with a dog at your feet or a kitten on your head or even a child in your bed? It is not comfortable. I woke up a few different times with some seriously painful neck muscles. 

But here’s what I think is so fascinating about it: I didn’t move. I didn’t roll over, I didn’t move her, I didn’t do anything about it. I was just so tired and it was okay-ish, and at least she wasn’t pouncing on my anymore… and so I just went back to sleep.

I didn’t move, even though it was uncomfortable because it was simply easier to stay where I was

 

Why we tolerate discomfort rather than make a change

How often do we see this same phenomenon in life and weight loss? We tolerate okay-ish because it’s harder to figure out how to make a change or truly take care of ourselves than it is to just stay in the relative discomfort of our current lives and bodies.

We settle for fine instead of going after our dreams. 

This is largely because of the set points that are established based on our bodies and our habits. Our bodies’ and brains’ dedication to homeostasis. Homeostasis is essentially the maintaining of balance or equilibrium.

Our bodies are homeostasis-maintaining machines. Our systems are constantly and automatically regulating our temperature, our thirst, our immune system, our blood pressure, our weight. And so many other systems to stay at the established set point of functioning.

 

Your body fights to regulate your weight

I think the most helpful analogy to illustrate how homeostasis works is that of a thermostat. A comfortable temperature is set. You pick a number, and then the thermostat kicks on, either the air conditioner if the temperature goes above that set point, or the heater if it goes below, ensuring that the temperature remains constant or balanced.

When it comes to weight loss, that’s why we see plateaus throughout the process. Your body fights hard to regulate your weight. Sometimes I imagine little alarm bells going off as the weight starts coming off. Your body goes into panic mode and says, “Find the leak and repair it before it’s too late!”

This is great news for eventually getting to your natural weight and being able to then successfully maintain it, but sometimes, it creates frustration as we go through the process and feel like we’re doing what we need to be doing and yet we still see our weight loss slow down at times.

 

Why extreme calorie restriction doesn’t bring lasting weight loss

Now, I just want to make a quick side note here. With extreme calorie restriction, you’ll see weight loss but not a change in the set point, which is why it is near impossible to maintain the loss, and there’s usually a rebound back to or even above the previous weight.

If you, like me, watched The Biggest Loser, and then the study that was done on The Biggest Loser contestants, this is kind of the issue. They had extreme calorie restriction, lots of exercise, but not a change in the set point. Your body is fighting to maintain homeostasis, even with your weight.

So to go back to the thermostat example, with extreme calorie restriction, it’s like bringing in a fan to cool down the house instead of just lowering the temperature on the thermostat. It may temporarily lower the temperature of the air in the house, but once you turn off the fan, the thermostat will kick on to get the air temperature back up to the set point.

 

How to change the set point on your body’s thermostat

We have to change the set point. And with our bodies, with our weight, we do that by increasing our insulin sensitivity, by paying attention to not just what we eat but when we eat, and the kinds of foods that we’re eating do in our bodies, by nourishing our bodies with whole foods and also giving our bodies a chance to consumed our stored fat by letting our insulin dip and it then pull from our stored fat. 

That’s how we change the set point of our bodies, but I’m not going to go into tons of detail on that in this article. If you want to learn more about this topic of insulin resistance and sensitivity, I highly recommend you read The Obesity Code by Dr. Jason Fung. It’s an amazing resource. He has YouTube videos and a podcast, all sorts of info going into more detail about this. Here, let’s just focus on the mental aspect of it.

So let’s go back to the plateau. What typically happens when we see the scale stop or slow is that some version of this thought then shows up: “It’s not working.” Which is usually followed up by “I knew this would happen. I’ll never be able to lose weight. I’m broken.”

And then when we think that, we feel discouraged, we feel frustrated, we feel hopeless, and we dive headfirst into a large pizza or a gallon of ice cream, thereby confirming that we will never lose weight. 

But that moment between you stepping off the scale that hasn’t moved and the pizza, that is your moment.

 

The moment that determines your weight loss success

We’ve talked about this moment before. This after moment is so important. That moment, not the number on the scale, is what will determine your success. Believing the lie that this number means “it’s not working and never will” guarantees that you quit on yourself.

But what you believe and then do in that moment is your choice. So imagine you believed something different. I want to just offer you some alternate thoughts to try on and choose to believe instead.

I’m going to figure this out. 

I wonder what’s going on. 

My body is awesome at maintaining. 

I am going to try some different things this week and see what happens. 

My body is efficient. 

Weight loss is inevitable if I keep going. 

I’m learning how to lose weight and this is part of it.

When you believe different thoughts, you will create different fuel and you will do things differently. Simple as that. 

There may be things happening in your body that are keeping your weight the same that aren’t working, but that doesn’t mean that it never will. It just means that there’s more to discover.

 

Your body has an emotional set point too

Another way homeostasis affects our weight loss is in terms of our actions and our feeling-states. This goes back to the kitten on my head. Our bodies memorize our most common feelings, including the uncomfortable ones, and these then become our go-to feeling-states.

Our brains will choose uncomfortable and familiar over uncomfortable and unfamiliar any day of the week because at least we can predict what the familiar discomfort experience will be. There are no surprises or potential dangers there.

If I had moved or adjusted the kitten and she then would have woken up, there’s a possibility that she would want to play and would start running around and pouncing and keeping me awake again. My brain decided, “I’d rather have her sleeping on my head than pouncing on it. Both are uncomfortable for me, but in the first case, I still get some sleep, albeit uncomfortable sleep.”

Your emotions are created by your brain, but experienced in your body. So if you have a tendency to choose thoughts that create the experience of anxiety, inadequacy, hopelessness, defeat, overwhelm, etc. in your body, that becomes a familiar feeling-state for you. That becomes your body’s emotional set point.

That’s what feels right. Even though it doesn’t feel good. The same can be true of a pleasurable feeling-state of course, but most of us who are using food to escape are not trying to escape feeling good. So I want to focus on the opposite experience.

 

The thoughts that prevent weight loss

Consider a thought you have about your ability to successfully lose weight. Maybe it’s “Nothing ever works for me,” or “I can’t succeed at this,” or even “Weight loss is hard.” 

Notice what you feel. My guess is that it isn’t challenging to access that feeling. As soon as you thought that thought, you felt the anxiety, the worry, the discouragement, the hopelessness of that thought because you’re used to thinking it. You’ve practiced that feeling a lot.

Now, try on the opposite thought. “I know exactly how to lose weight successfully.” “I am going to lose all of this weight and keep it off forever.” “Weight loss is easy.” And notice what you feel. My guess is that you still feel anxiety, worry, discouragement, or hopelessness, right?

Your brain was like, “No you don’t.” Just not super willing to get on board with confidence, hope, or certainty, right? Even though that would feel so much better. 

Can you imagine if you believed the thought, “I know exactly how to lose weight successfully,” and you felt certain? So much better. It would be so much more comfortable.

Your brain, like mine with the kitten, would rather feel discouraged than try something again and end up failing. It would rather keep this familiar discomfort of feeling discouraged than risk another potentially more dangerous form of discomfort like failure.

 

Why just swapping thoughts isn’t quite enough

Reciting positive mantras to ourselves or trying to believe opposite thoughts to escape our familiar feeling-state is kind of like bringing in the fan to cool down the house instead of adjusting the thermostat. It may be temporarily useful, but it isn’t actually effective long-term.

Changing our emotional set point is best done a degree at a time, a thought at a time. We have to start with understanding the current thoughts we believe and the feelings we feel in order to be ready to move closer to the ones we want to believe instead.

I like to look at those thoughts that I currently believe and ask some questions about them. 

Is this thought true? 

How do I know it’s true? 

Is it helpful? 

Is it getting me closer to my goal, to the person I want to become?

Do I want to keep believing it? 

Am I willing to let it go? 

What else could I believe about this? 

What do I want to believe instead?

Once you’ve thoroughly questioned and examined the thoughts you are choosing to believe and identified what they are creating for you, it becomes so much more natural to let them go and hold onto the next rung of the thought ladder on the way up to believing what you ultimately want to believe.

If you want to learn more from me about how to lose weight for the last time, watch my free video about how to lose the first five pounds — and keep going.

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Natalie brown certified life and weight loss coach

Meet Natalie

I spent over 2 decades battling my weight and hating my body, before I found a solution that worked FOR GOOD. I lost 50 pounds by changing not just what I eat, but WHY. Now I help other women like me get to the root of the issue and find their own realistic, permanent weight loss success. Change is possible and you can do it. I can help you.

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